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Author: HendersonB Bernadette Created: 4/4/2008 7:54 AM

Mike Chiles wrote:

The setting of the national CAT and IT examinations is fraught with many challenges, one of these is the issue of language (No not programming language but spoken/written language).  For example:
* is it website or web site?  Both are used in articles appearing on the Internet
* is it text box or textbox?  Some authors use "textbox" whilst Microsoft uses "text box"
* what is the Afrikaans for "firewall"? Is it "brandmuur" or "netskans"?  The former is a literal translation whilst the latter indicates what the concept is all about.
* we talk about RAM in English but is it LSG or ETG in Afrikaans?
* many new technologies make their appearance on a daily basis.  Take for example the term "podcasting" - there is currently no Afrikaans word.  One cannot translate the "pod" part of the word as this stems from the iPod. So we need to translate the casting part.  What about "podsending"?
* it was once indicated that there are also variations in Afrikaans translation between the northern and southern provinces (or is it the inland and coastal provinces?).
* some people say use the English word because this is what the teachers are teaching in any event.
Not only have the respective examining panels battled with translation and other language nuances but so have the Internal and External Moderators - one needs to ensure that there is consistency in the use of the terms across the country otherwise someone is going to believe that they are being disadvantaged.
In order to standardise our use of the language and in collaboration with the Language Practitioners at the national Department of Education we have decided that the following dictionary will be the reference for Afrikaans translation:
Kuberwoordeboek Afrikaans-Engels, Engels-Afrikaans / Cyber Dictionary Afrikaans-English, English-Afrikaans, H.C. Viljoen (Ed), in collaboration with N.F. du Plooy and S. Murray
The book is published by Protea in Pretoria and can be obtained from (for around R200) as well as local bookshops.

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With 90 days left before the start of the Grade 12 examinations, teachers should now start consolidating and learners should now be revising and practising what they have learned since Grade 10.

Provide learners with previous exam papers to practise their skills and to help them prepare for the examinations.

WC June 2009 Papers (Java)

Paper 1 June 2009 Paper 1 June 2009 Memo Vraestel 1 Junie 2009
Paper 2 June 2009 Paper 2 June 2009 Memo Vraestel 2 Junie 2009

FS June 2009 Papers (Delphi) are available at:


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During the workshop participants reflected on the PAT.
The following questions were raised:

 What are the different roles of the learner?





What are the different roles of the teacher?




Presentation on the PAT 2009


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During the IT workshop, Prof Pieter Blignaut from the University of the Free State shared same very interesting information regarding eye-tracking and gazing.

The research is geared towards human computer interaction (HCI), an interdisciplinary field with links to Computer Science, Information Systems, Psychology, Sociology and Graphical Design.  He currently  focuses on eye-tracking as a means to measure the usability of web sites and software applications

The presentation shares very interesting facts regarding the topic and the research. They braught all their equipment and demonstrated the process.

Participants also had the opportunity to "type" by "gazing" at the keys on an on-screen keyboard!

All this made us think hard and long about HCI principles and usability as well as efficient use of a variety of input modes.

Read some reports about the research


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During the IT Workshop, Mr Johan Van Rooyen from Bloemfontein gave us a good update on current trends and technologies as well as a look into the future.

His presentation took us along a timeline: 2009 --> 2010 --------> 2015 --------> 2020 and gave us a summary of the following:

  • devices
  • business environment
  • development environment
  • technologies

The videos in the PowerPoint can be downloaded from:


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 The Department of Education conducted a workshop for IT subject advisors from all provinces from 4 - 8 May 2009.

The purpose of the training workshop was to:
1)       convey November 2008 Exam results and to discuss strategies to improve results;
2)       clear assessment issues as set out in the SAG  and to clear misinterpretation of policy;
3)       understand the PAT, including marking and moderation;
4)       understand how practical exams should be conducted, including preparation of CDs to be sent to marking centers;
5)       understand how to assess content for all the Learning Outcomes in IT, including setting assessment tasks;
6)       give guidance regarding new content: OOP, Inheritance, Polymorphism and Normalisation of databases; and
7)       share new trends and technologies regarding IT and to share some interesting research aspects in the field.

 The above topics were discussed, input given and ideas and strategies shared to support Information Technology in all provinces


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Grade 12 National Examination Papers

Practical Paper (P1) Nov 08 & Memo Eng Data Files/Datalêers Theory Paper (P2) Nov 08 & Memo Eng
Praktiese vraestel (V1) Nov 08 & Memo Afr   Teorie Vraestel (V2) Nov 08 & Memo Afr
Practical Paper (P1) March 09 & Memo Eng Data Files/Datalêers Theory Paper (P2) March 09 & Memo Eng
Praktiese vraestel (V1) March 09 & Memo Afr   Teorie Vraestel (V2) March 09 & Memo Afr


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Dear IT teacher

This is a challenge to you.

The Microsoft Innovative Teachers Forum is a competition that recognises teachers who are using technology in creative ways to promote teaching and learning.

The Innovation Workshops are designed to help teachers who are already using computers with their learners to plan and implement an engaging project (which could then be entered into the competition).

Teachers do not have to attend a workshop to enter the competition – but in the past teachers have reported really enjoying the workshops and that they found them very useful for generating ideas and the opportunity to network with other creative teachers.

In 2008, Sarietjie Musgrave, CAT teacher from Eunice High School in Bloemfontein was one of the SA finalists with her Grade 10 project.

She gained her runner up position in the Microsoft Worldwide Innovative Teachers Awards 2008 in Hong Kong, category Innovation in Community Category

Innovation in Community
Sarietjie Musgrave (Eunice High School: Free State)

Spread the Sunshine
The project for Grade 10 Computer Applications Technology involves learners investigating the needs of disabled people and then using their skills to create useful ICT based artefacts for disabled people. A range of applications are used including an animation package to design a public awareness campaign and Clicker to design software to support the disabled.

Another CAT teacher, Thamsanqa Makhathini, Mpophomeni High School in KZN,  reached the finals with a Grade 11 project in a different category:

Innovation in Challenging Contexts
Thamsanqa Makhathini (Mpophomeni High School: KwaZulu-Natal)

Local is Lekker@Mpophomeni
Groups of Grade 11 Computer Applications Technology learners designed research instruments and interviewed community members about Mpophomeni Township pre- and post-1994. Findings, photographs and audio-clips (recorded using cell phones) were then used to create a website.

Read more

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The IT exam guidelines / IT eksameriglyne have been developed to assist teachers and learners in their preparation for the 2009 examinations for the National Senior Certificate (NSC). The exam guidelines provide clarity in terms of scope and depth of the content to be examined in 2009.

The exam guidelines must be read in conjunction with the NCS, the SAG and the LPG for IT.

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An exemplar Grade 11 PAT that teachers could use if they wish.

The Grade 11 PAT is based on the Grade 12 PAT to help learners master their programming and software development skills and to prepare learners for Grade 12

Grade 11 2009 PAT Afrikaans

Grade 11 2009 PAT English

Useful source on the topic:


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