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Curriculum Differentiation

To assist schools and teachers to implement curriculum differentiation strategies, the Department of Education developed Guidelines for Responding to Learner Diversity in the Classroom through the National Curriculum and Assessment Policy Statements of 2011.

Click here to open the Powerpoint Presentation developed by the DBE for the Teacher Orientation Programme in 2013.

Further Documents which can serve as resources are:

Guidelines for Inclusive Learning Programmes in 2005.

These guidelines were reviewed and the Guidelines for Inclusive Teaching and Learning were completed by the Department of Basic Education in 2010 to inform the CAPS.

A summary of what Curriculum Differentiation is all about can be found in a Fact Sheet For Teachers.

Guidelines for responding to  Learner Diversity in the Classroom through the Curriculum and Assessment Policy Statements (CAPS), September 2011

Guidelines for Adaptation of LTSM and Assessment for Learners with Visual Impairment, December 2013

Literature on Curriculum Differentiation

Celebrating our Differences: A Teacher's Guide for Differentiated Lesson Planning, MiET Africa

Muthukrishna, Anbanithi (ed.) (2008) Educating for Social Justice and Inclusion: Pathways and Transitions. Nova Publishers

Campbell, C., Campbell, S., Collicott, J., Perner, D., & Stone, J. (1988). Individualized Instruction. Education New Brunswick, 3, 17–20.
Landsberg, E. D., Kruger & N. Nel (Eds). (2005). Addressing barriers to learning: A South African perspective. Pretoria: Van Schaik Publishers.
Noble, T. (2004). Integrating the revised Bloom’s taxonomy with multiple intelligences: a planning tool for curriculum differentiation. Teachers’ College Record, 106 (1). 193-211.
Pritchard, A. (2009). Ways of learning: Learning theories and learning styles in the classroom. London: Routledge.
Tomlinson, C. (2001). How to differentiate instruction in mixed-ability classrooms? Alexandria, VA: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development.
UNESCO (2004) Changing Teaching Practices: using curriculum differentiation to respond to students’ diversity. Paris
Vayrynen, S. (2003) Observations from South African Classrooms: Some Inclusive Strategies, SCOPE/DOE Research Collaboration Project.

The following are some excellent websites with practical examples for teachers: 

Kathie Nunley's Website on Layered Curriculum:

Sue Buckley - Managing inclusive classrooms and teaching reading to learners with intellectual disability

 Antioch School District, Department of Curriculum and Instruction:

Education in Action:
Red Clay Consolidated School District:
iered curriculum project:
UNESCO: International Bureau of Education: