Curriculum Learning Space

Welcome to Geography

2016 Geography (Theory) P1 NSC Examination



What is geography?

Geography is unique in bridging the social sciences (human geography) with the natural sciences (physical geography). Human geography concerns the understanding of the dynamics of cultures, societies and economies, and physical geography concerns the understanding of the dynamics of physical landscapes and the environment.

Geography puts this understanding of social and physical processes within the context of places and regions - recognising the great differences in cultures, political systems, economies, landscapes and environments across the world, and the links between them. Understanding the causes of differences and inequalities between places and social groups underlie much of the newer developments in human geography.
Geography provides an ideal framework for relating other fields of knowledge. It is not surprising that those trained as geographers often contribute substantially to the applied management of resources and environments.
Geography is, in the broadest sense, an education for life and for living. Learning through geography – whether gained through formal learning or experientially through travel, fieldwork and expeditions – helps us all to be more socially and environmentally sensitive, informed and responsible citizens and employees.
 Geography informs us about
  • The places and communities in which we live and work;
  • Our natural environments and the pressures they face;
  • The interconnectedness of the world and our communities within it;
  • How and why the world is changing, globally and locally;
  • How our individual and societal actions contribute to those changes;
  • The choices that exist in managing our world for the future; and  
  • The importance of location in business and decision-making.

Geography is the study of Earth’s landscapes, peoples, places and environments. It is, quite simply, about the world in which we live.



Know your Subject Co-ordinators 

Mr Pule Rakgoathe- National Coordinator 012 357 4185 
Mrs Penny Japhta- EC 040 608 4571
Mr Mosebetsi Mofokeng- FS 051 404 8190
Mrs Portia January- GP 011 355 0227
Mr Thokoza Zondi- KZN 031 274 5716
Vacant- LP 015 2922564
Vacant- MP 013 766 0919
Mrs Hettie Benjamin- NC 053 8396430
Vacant- NW 018 389 6430
Mr Glen Samaai- WC 021 467 2200

Essential Documents
Use these links to download those commonly needed documents:

Policy Documents
Geography CAPS 
NCS FET Geography Grades 10-12
Geography Learning Programme Guidelines

Geography Assessment Guidelines
Geography Teacher Training Manual

2008 National Senior Certificate Exam Exemplar
2008 Grade 12  Paper I | Memo
2008 Grade 12  Paper II | Memo
2008 Graad 12 Vraestel I | Memo
2008 Graad 12 Vraestel II | Memo

Learning Channel Materials
Missed some issues of the StudyMate print supplements? Then use these links to access the catalogue. We have filtered the list so that only supplements with Geography content appear:

Study Mate Print Supplements
Issue 11 2008: Grade 12 NSC Exemplar
Issue 03 2007: Grade 10 Examination Paper & Study Skills 

Gauteng Department of Education Examination Papers
In the spirit of sharing we have recieved June '08 examination papers from Gauteng. Feel free to look over them and use as revision exercises. How about papers from other provinces? Contact us if you have copies we can distribute.

2008 Grade 12 Paper 1 | Paper 2 | Memo 1 | Memo 2

Featured Web Application
If you or your school has access to a broadband Internet connection you have to have the free Google Earth web application. For us Geography teachers it's a mine of resources! Every inch of the planet is displayed as aerial photographs sewn together into one seamless planet. Truely breathtaking! Visit their site and download the latest version of the application at


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Latest Resources
Cross sections   (Lesson Plan)
Cross section,how to draw and identify
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Cross sections   (Lesson Plan)
Cross section,how to draw and identify
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Cross sections   (Lesson Plan)
Cross section,how to draw and identify
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Climatoligy  (Lesson Plan)
Definitions relevant to topic, characteristics of mid-latitude cyclones, conditions necessary for formation, stages of develo...
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Atmosphere  (Lesson Plan)
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Most Popular Resources
Geography Grade 10 -12 Mapwork Notes (215.63 Kb)
Geography Grade 10 -12 Mapwork Notes
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Mapwork notes for Grade 10 (86 Kb)
Step by step notes on how to calculate distance, bearing, magnetic declination, gradient, area and how to find direction on a...
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Grade 12 Geography Self Study Guide Notes and Exam Practise (Questions & Answers) 2012 (3156.67 Kb)
Grade 12 Geography Self Study Guide Notes and Exam Practise (Questions & Answers) 2012
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Grade 12: Research Project Presentation (2013) (177.5 Kb)
Grade 12: Research Project Presentation (2013)
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Grade 12 : Landforms Presentation (2013) (9478.5 Kb)
Grade 12 : Landforms Presentation (2013)
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Important Documents
Subject Advisor Contact Details
Policy / Guidelines Documents
Matric Support
Key Information 
Provincial Support
Other Documents









Whats New


PowerPoint Presenations for Teachers : (Grade 10, 11,12)

Click here to downlaod all presentation on various topics for Geography



This Self Study Guide is designed to explain concepts that seem to be problematic for learners in the Grade 12 exams.
Click here to download

Presentations for Telematics Teaching Project (Lesson Plan for Teacher)

Presentation Map reading and Exam Technique

Presentation Fluvial process and Landforms

Presentation Climate and Weather

Presentation People and their Needs

Presentation Settlement

Climate change material

Fossils Fuels are they Dinosaurs?

Teaching climate change in a South African context of high climate variability

Wits scientists debunk climate change myths, impact remains severe

Position of Southern Africa in global climate change

Reflections on climate change impacts over South Africa

Climate change and agriculture